We residents of the Willamette Valley are surrounded by picturesque countryside, but for most of us who don’t make a living in agriculture it would be a big help if the pictures had captions as well. I for one would appreciate labels or little signs telling me what’s growing in those fields.
Riding my bike back from Adair Village last week, I pass this huge field of yellow blossoms. It reminds me of the controversy in 2013, when the legislature approved a six-year moratorium on the cultivation of canola in most of the Willamette Valley in order to protect other seed crops in the brassica or mustard family from cross-pollination. The legislation allowed some limited cultivation of canola for research.
I’m wondering if this field is research canola or something else. Back home, Google shows me lots of canola fields that look like this. On Friday I call the Oregon Department of Agriculture for more information. The man I need to talk to is away, but I’m advised to email him, which I do. Promptly I get a reply, from Dr. Helmuth Rogg, the department’s director of plant protection and conservation programs. He’s on his way back from a meeting in Salt Lake City, and he says he’ll respond to my request on the weekend.
Sunday morning, sure enough, Rogg’s response arrives. He sends maps of the canola exclusion zone, which covers pretty much the entire valley. He sends all the current canola regulations along with links to further details, and he summarizes the situation: “In short, the controversy is over the cross-pollination issue between canola and other brassica crops in the valley where we have an intensive brassica seed production. End of last year, ODA was facilitating communication between our valley seed growers and canola producers. Our growers are collaborating and working on a mutual coexistence agreement.”
He also writes: “I was told, and I am (only) a trained entomologist, that it is very difficult to distinguish canola from other brassica crops, such as mustard.” Helpfully, he also sends a publication by the University of Idaho, “Guide to Identification of Canola, Mustard, Rapeseed, and Related Weeds.”
This, needless to say, is way more help than I have any right to expect from a top administrator in a state agency, especially on a Sunday. But it leads me to think the field on Ryals Avenue is mustard. And I’m grateful that I learned a few things, including that the mustard family numbers more than 200 wild and cultivated species in the U.S and Canada alone, and that rapeseed, canola and mustard can’t be categorized as distinct species. Also, the term “rapeseed” probably comes from rapa, the Latin for turnip, and that canola is a combination of Canada, where it was developed, and oleum or oil. By common usage, canola has come to mean the edible types, while rapeseed refers to crops grown for industrial use.
All of which is far more than could be conveyed by a simple sign. It’s also more than most people want to know. Still, little labels identifying the crops all around us would make all of us far better informed about the region where we live. (hh)